In addition to beautifying your property, trees are essential plants for helping to improve air quality in your yard, providing a natural privacy barrier, and preventing erosion. When trees become damaged due to weather or other causes, they become vulnerable to disease and pests. It is important to prune and repair damaged trees as soon as possible.

You can also prune trees by molding them into decorative shapes to enhance your landscaping. The following primer on pruning can help you determine when it is essential to get trees in your yard pruned or repaired.

Pruning to Fix Storm Damaged Trees

If you live an area where hurricanes and tornadoes occur often, then you are familiar with the damage those storm systems can cause to trees. However, high winds combined with heavy rains or snow can also impact trees leaving broken limbs and exposed roots. Older trees with decay are especially vulnerable to bad weather.

As soon as a storm blows overs, you need to examine your trees for damage. If there are large, broken branches hanging precariously from mature trees, call a tree service company to have the limbs removed right away and to get the tree pruned. Do not try to complete this task on your own as it is dangerous and you could permanently damage the tree.

A certified tree service can also examine the other trees in yard for hazards that are undetectable to untrained eyes. In addition to pruning, the tree service may provide structural repairs by adding braces or cables to help trees withstand powerful winds. For older trees with severe damage, you may need to have the plant removed from your yard especially if the trunk has split. Otherwise, the tree will rot and die.

Repairing Crown Damage With Pruning

Trees with healthy crowns look majestic and provide great shade and privacy. When the branches of large crowns are damaged, trees look ragged. The weak limbs in the crown can also fall at any time posing a safety hazard to anyone near the plant.

For crown damage, pruning should be performed to selectively remove weak and damaged branches. This type of pruning, called crown thinning, will increase the health of the tree and make the crown less dense. It improves air circulation and light penetration in the crown area.

In some cases, the crown will need to be reduced. A tree service can provide crown reduction pruning when there is widespread damage in the crown. It involves removing the topmost branches right above lateral spreads and reduces the height of the tree.

Crown reduction is an extreme type of pruning that is only necessary when a tree has irreparable crown damage. It should only be completed by a professional because, if done improperly, the tree will be permanently damaged. It is also dangerous to repair tree crowns if you do not have the proper safety and pruning equipment.

Specialty Pruning

If you love the look of English and French gardens with trees that are shaped into topiaries and other forms, you are a fan of specialty pruning. The natural form of the plan is altered with specialty pruning. Common tree types that are amenable to specialty pruning include Japanese maples, several species of dogwoods, and crabapples.

Unlike other forms of pruning, specialty pruning is not mean to repair a damaged tree. However, if done properly, it can help a tree thrive. Consult with a professional before you embark on specialty pruning so you do not damage a tree by mistake.

Timing for Pruning

When you are not concerned about repairing damage from storms, you should schedule annual pruning for the late winter. This is the best time of the year for extensive pruning because that is when trees are dormant. Insects that invade trees are also inactive during the winter. Thus, trees will be less vulnerable to stress and pests if you prune during the dormant season.

In addition, because spring is right around the corner, growth will begin soon to repair and seal wounds from late winter pruning. For more help pruning your trees, contact a tree service like Hudson Tree Service.